Hajima & Kajima

Two of my favorite words in Korean are 하지마 (hajima) and 가자마 (kajima). They are both common words in everyday 반말 (banmal) or informal language, and they appear in just about every K-pop song.

하지마 (hajima) usually is translated as “Don’t do it” or “I won’t do it.” 하 (ha) comes from the verb 하다 (hada) which means “to do.” 지마 (jima) is part of a negative conjugation where the speaker asks someone to not do something or says that they themselves won’t do it.

 

하 (Ha) “I do/you do” + 지마 (jima) “Don’t do it” = “I won’t do it/you don’t do it.”

Seungri really doesn't want you to do it. Hajima!

Seungri really doesn’t want you to do it. Hajima!

 

Likewise, 가지마 (kajima) uses the conjugation of 지마 (jima). 가 (ka) comes from 가다 (kada) which is the verb meaning “to go.”

 

가 (ka) “I go/you go” + 지마 (jima) “Don’t go” = “I won’t go/(you) don’t go.”

Please, GD, kajima!

Please, GD, kajima!

 

These phrases are commonly used in dramas where one character yells at the other not do something or not to leave.

 

Person 1: 집에 가. (Jib-e ka.) “I’m going home.”

Person 2: 집에 가지마! (Jib-e kajima!) “Don’t go home!”

From http://25.media.tumblr.com/b0b55f4def1776af83390768a9c86fc2/tumblr_mgahm3FZMj1rwnim2o1_500.gif

 

Person 1: 그래. (Keurae.) “Okay.”

 

top jibe

 

^^And yes, that just about sums up GD & T.O.P.’s ‘Don’t Go Home’ song. Can you guess the Korean name of that song? 네. (Ne.) It’s 집에 가지마 (jib-e kajima).

Here’s an example of “Don’t do it.”

 

Person 1: 야…난…널… (Ya…Nan…Neol…) “Hey…I…to you…”

Person 2: 뭐? 야! 하지마! 하지마!!! (Mweo? YA! Hajima! Hajima!!!) “What? HEY! Don’t do it! Don’t!”

Person 1: 사랑해. (Saranghae.) “I love you.”

T.O.P. loves SE7EN-hyung

T.O.P. loves SE7EN-hyung

Person 2: 하지마. 난 니가 싫어.. 추해.  (Hajima. Nan niga sirheo. Chuhae.) “Don’t. I don’t love you. You’re ugly.”

 

T.O.P. disapproves

 

For some song examples in K-pop where Hajima or Kajima are used very obviously…

Monster by Big Bang

Don’t Go Home/Jibe Kajima by GD & T.O.P.,

Stop It by B.A.P.

 

감사합니다!

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10 responses to “Hajima & Kajima

  1. whoa! it helps me a lot, i’m so glad i have found your website, truly you are a master of explanation! kamsahamnida sonsengnim! keep going!!

    Like this

  2. Hey! My Arabian horse is named Kajima! I looked up what that means on the web and your site came up. I’d love to send you a picture of him.

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  3. Hi, I’m super fan of Kdramas a listen to OST of my favorite ones in the car, in the house , at work, everywhere even my phone ringtone it’s a song from Boys over Flowers it’s crazy but I cant get enough of Korean language and I started learning on my own because it’s not easy to find a teacher.Thanks for the explanation.
    안뇽

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